In this thematic issue, four texts about the present-day economy of the Inuit are to be found. Although economic development and the fight against underemployment are high in public policies and in the agenda of pressure groups, few researchers have dwelt on these issues. Ethnographic and geographic traditions have for a long time imposed their general approach on the "Inuit domain." According to these views, the organization of economic activities was to be considered as only one aspect, amongst many others, of social morphology. Other theoretical approaches that have been in fashion (e.g., human ecology) just extended this perspective.