Message d'erreur

You are accessing Revue Études Inuit Studies using an unencrypted connection. For your security, Revue Études Inuit Studies only supports account logins using a secure protocol such as HTTPS. You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser's location bar to begin with "https" instead of "http". Please contact site admin for help if this error continues.

Le renne comme animal de trait en Alaska

Reindeer as draft animals in Alaska
Pages: 115 - 138
Auteur(s) / Author(s): James W. Vanstone
Résumé:

Le renne domestique fut introduit de Sibérie nord-orientale dans la péninsule de Seward en Alaska en 1892, pour fournir une nouvelle source de nourriture aux Inuit locaux. Sous la supervision d'éleveurs tchouktches, puis saami de Norvège, des apprentis inuit s'initièrent aux techniques d'élevage. Dès le départ cependant, l'emphase de ce programme passa de l'utilisation du renne comme ressource alimentaire à son usage commercial comme moyen de transport. Cet article montre comment le transport des marchandises et des passagers finit par dominer le programme d'élevage du renne, et pourquoi le transport par renne ne réussit jamais à devenir important en Alaska.

Abstract:

Domestic reindeer were introduced from northeastern Siberia to the Seward Peninsula region of Alaska in 1892 to provide Alaskan Inuit and Yup'it with a new source of food. Under the supervision of Siberian Chukchi and later Norwegian Saami (Lapp) herders, Inuit apprentices were taught the techniques of close herding. Almost from the beginning, however, the focus of the reindeer program shifted from reindeer as a subsistence resource to a commercial enterprise as a means of arctic transportation. This paper examines how the transportation of freight and passengers came to dominate the reindeer program, and why reindeer transport failed to be of lasting importance in the history of transportation in Alaska.