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L'architecture d'un site de rassemblement paléoesquimau: un exemple du fjord de Godthåbs au Groenland

Palaeo-Eskimo gathering site architecture: An example from Godthåbs Fjord, Greenland
Pages: 309 - 328
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Martin Appelt
Résumé:

Durant les années soixante, des reconnaissances archéologiques à grande échelle furent conduites par le Danish National Museum dans la région du fjord de Godthåbs dans le centre de la côte orientale du Groenland. De ces reconnaissances suivirent des fouilles extensives, incluant celles de sites saqqaquiens. Cependant, ces sites ne furent décrits que dans des publications préliminaires et le schème d'établissement paléoesquimau du fjord de Godthåbs n'a jamais fait l'objet de synthèse. Cet article inclut des informations concernant les sites Itinnera, Nuunnguaq et Tuapassuit, qui présentent à la fois des similarités et des variations intra-sites. On suggère que le site saqqaquien Tuapassuit est un camp de rassemblement, ce qui laisse entrevoir qu'un tel phénomène ait pu se produire quelques siècles plus tôt qu'antérieurement supposé.

Abstract:

During the sixties a number of large-scale archaeological surveys were conducted by the Danish National Museum in the Godthåbs Fjord area on central West coast Greenland. The surveys led to extensive excavations including those of Saqqaq sites. However, descriptions of most of these sites have been preliminary published only, and the palaeo-Eskimo settlement pattern of Godthåbs Fjord has never been synthesized. The paper includes informations on the Itinnera, Nuunnguaq and Tuapassuit sites, revealing both distinct intra-site similarities and variability. It is suggested that the Saqqaq site Tuapassuit is an aggregation camp, thus pushing evidence of this phenomenon several centuries further back in time than previously known.