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Une structure paléoesquimaude groswatérienne à Coachman's Cove, Terre-Neuve

A Groswater Palaeoeskimo feature from Coachman's Cove, Newfoundland
Pages: 435 - 450
Auteur(s) / Author(s): John C. Erwin
Résumé:

Les habitations paléoesquimaudes de l'île de Terre-Neuve sont comparables aux structures paléoesquimaudes de l'Arctique et du sub-Arctique dans la mesure où elles comportent des traits architecturaux tels que des aménagements axiaux, des dallages de pierres, des foyers en forme de boîte et des plateformes de couchage. Néanmoins à Terre-Neuve, les structures d'habitation sont souvent décrites comme n'ayant pas de forme définie et des ré-occupations multiples rend leur interprétation confuse. De plus, le Groswatérien y reste encore moins bien compris du fait de la rareté de sites comportant des vestiges architecturaux. La description et l'analyse du site Cow Cove 1 (EaBa-14) apporte des éléments additionnels pour comprendre l'architecture du paléoesquimau ancien, l'utilisation des ressources et les saisons d'occupation sur l'île de Terre-Neuve.

Abstract:

Palaeoeskimo dwellings on the Island of Newfoundland are comparable to Arctic and Sub-Arctic Palaeoeskimo structures insofar as they contain shared architectural features such as mid passages, stone pavements, box hearths, and sleeping platforms. On the Island, however, dwelling structures are often described as amorphous, poorly defined, and are often confused by multiple re-occupations. The present situation for Groswater Palaeoeskimo on the Island is perhaps even less well understood owing to the paucity of known sites with architectural remains. The description and analysis of Cow Cove 1 (EaBa-14) provides additional evidence for understanding Early Palaeoeskimo architecture, resource use and seasonality on the Island of Newfoundland.