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Home rule in Greenland

Home rule in Greenland
Pages: 131 - 144
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Hans Christian GullØv
Résumé:

Cet article retrace les étapes qui ont conduit à l'adoption du Home Rule le 17 janvier 1979 par 70% des voix exprimées. Le débat sur l'affiliation du Groenland à la CEE, en 1972, remit en question la relation quasi coloniale avec le Danemark et favorisa le développement d'une vie politique proprement groenlandaise. L'article passe en revue la position des jeunes partis au cours du débat pré-référendaire et analyse brièvement les implications du Home Rule. Le nouveau statut, loin de porter atteinte à la domination économique du Danemark, ne satisfait pas pleinement les aspirations d'auto-détermination. En particulier, s'il est bien reconnu aux Groenlandais certains droits fondamentaux sur les ressources naturelles, leur contenu reste non spécifié, et les autorités danoises partagent avec l'Assemblée du Groenland un droit de veto sur l'exploitation des ressources naturelles.

Abstract:

The Home Rule in Greenland was adopted by referendum on the 17th of January 1979, with 70% of the votes cast. This article traces the steps that led to this result. In 1972, the quasi colonial relationship between Greenland and Denmark was called into question when the debate over the affiliation of Greenland to the EEC took place. There followed the development of a truly Greenlandic political life. The article reviews the positions of the newly formed political parties during the pre-referendum period, and the implications of Home Rule are briefly discussed. The new status, however, does not put an end to Danish economic domination and falls short of the aspirations to self determination. The question of aboriginal rights over natural resources is a case in point: although basic rights are attributed to the Greenlanders, their content remains unspecified, and, besides, the Greenland Assembly must share with the Danish authorities a veto right over the exploitation of natural resources.