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The nature of nineteenth century Inuit occupations of the High Arctic Islands of Canada

The nature of nineteenth century Inuit occupations of the High Arctic Islands of Canada
Pages: 109 - 124
Type: Hors-thème
Auteur(s) / Author(s): James M. Savelle
Résumé:

On a récemment remis en question l'idée couramment admise que les îles du Haut Arctique canadien avaient été abandonnées à l'époque post-thuléenne à cause d'une détérioration du climat, et suggéré qu'au contraire - au moins pendant le XIXe siècle – cette région avait été notablement occupée par les Inuit. Cependant un examen attentif des découvertes archéologiques récentes nous fait croire qu'au XIXe siècle ces occupations furent très restreintes et résultèrent principalement des activités européennes dans la région.

 

Abstract:

The generally held belief that the High Arctic Islands of Canada were abandoned during post-Thule times as a result of deteriorating climatic conditions has recently been questioned, with an alternative presented that suggests, at least during the 19th century, substantial Inuit occupations of this area. However, a detailed examination of relevant ethnohistorical literature and consideration of recent archaeological investigations suggest that 19th century occupations of the High Arctic Islands were generally very restricted, and were primarily a response to European activities in the area.