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Types of partial nominalization in Central Yu'pik Eskimo

Types of partial nominalization in Central Yu'pik Eskimo
Pages: 51 - 60
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Steven A. Jacobson

Le dialecte Yup'ik du centre manifeste quelques types de constructions que l'on peut caractériser comme nominalisations partielles de verbes. Ces constructions reposent principalement sur des suffixes dont la fonction normale est la nominalisation et dans ces constructions, les flexions du nom s'utilisent avec les suffixes. Cependant, des aspects verbaux du verbe original restent présents, en ce sens que les constructions en question ont un sujet et un objet. Cet article analyse les divers types de nominalisation partielle qui se situent entre deux extrêmes: les constructions qui sont principalement nominales, et celles qui sont principalement verbales. Enfin, l'analyse suggère quelques pistes pour comprendre l'origine de ces constructions.



Central Yup'ik Eskimo exhibits a number of types of constructions which may be said to partially nominalize verbs. These constructions are built mainly on postbases which 'normally function as nominalizers, and in the constructions in question noun case endings are used with these postbases. However, verbal aspects of the original verb remain, in that the resulting constructions take subjects and objects. This paper discusses the various types of partially nominalizing constructions ranging from those which are primarily nominal to those which are primarily verbal, and gives suggestions as to their origins.