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The Inuk as object: Some problems in the study of Inuit social organization

The Inuk as object: Some problems in the study of Inuit social organization
Pages: 93 - 108
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Christopher G. Trott
Résumé:

Un examen critique des ethnographies de l'Arctique central révèle l'utilisation d'un certain nombre de concepts pour décrire l'organisation sociale inuit. Parmi eux figurent la famille, le mariage, la parenté, la généalogie, la consanguinité, la localité et l'alliance. En examinant les catégories conceptuelles des anthropologues, on aperçoit les mouvements de la critique interne ainsi que le besoin d'une évaluation plus précise de leur pouvoir descriptif dans le cas des processus sociaux inuit. Nous proposons ici un cadre conceptuel capable de résoudre quelques-unes de ces difficultés. Nous apportons enfin quelques suggestions sur le type d'ethnographie qui pourrait en résulter.

 

Abstract:

A critical review of ethnographies of the Central Arctic locates a number of concepts used to describe Inuit social organization. These include: family, marriage, kinship, genealogy, consanguinity, affinity, locality, and alliance. By focussing on the anthropologists' conceptual categories one can see the movement of internal criticism and the need for further evaluation of their adequacy in describing Inuit social processes. A conceptual framework that can resolve some of these difficulties is offered and some suggestions made as to the type of ethnographic description that this could bring forth.