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It is time for drumming: A summary of recent research on Yup'ik ceremonialism

It is time for drumming: A summary of recent research on Yup'ik ceremonialism
Pages: 113 - 140
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Phyllis Morrow
Résumé:

Il est bien connu que les Esquimaux du Sud-ouest de l'Alaska avaient une vie cérémonielle fort complexe. Or, on constate que l'information recueillie par des observateurs non indigènes à la fin du 19e siècle et au début du 20e siècle est incomplète et qu'elle porte à confusion. Récemment, Mme Elsie Mather, une chercheuse parlant la langue yup'ik, a recueilli une somme considérable de données originales sur le cycle cérémoniel. Cet article résume le matériel de Mather à propos de sept cérémonies traditionnelles incluant le festival de la Vessie, la fête du Messager, la cérémonie des Invitations, les fêtes des Morts ainsi que trois autres rituels moins connus.

 

Abstract:

Although it is well-known that the Yup'ik Eskimos of Southwestern Alaska had a complex ceremonial life, information recorded by non-native observers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century is confusing and incomplete. Recently, Mrs. Elsie Mather, a Yup'ik-speaking researcher, has gathered a large amount of original material on the ceremonial round. This article summarizes Mather's findings about several traditional ceremonies, including the Bladder Festival, Messenger- Feast, Inviting-in Ceremony, and Feasts to the Dead, as well as three lesser-known rituals.