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Men and women, husbands and wives: The role of gender in traditional Inuit society

Men and women, husbands and wives: The role of gender in traditional Inuit society
Pages: 9 - 24
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Lee Guemple
Résumé:

Cet article examine la relation entre conjoints chez les Inuit des Îles Belcher à la lumière des conceptions autochtones du genre et du partage des tâches en fonction du genre, en utilisant le concept d'acteur social. L'analyse des rites de passage, des pratiques d'échange de conjoint et d'unions incestueuses montre que les acteurs sociaux se définissent d'abord en fonction du partage des tâches selon le genre et que la sexualité ne constitue qu'un aspect de la division du travail. La sexualité n'est donc pas la clé principale pour rendre compte des relations entre conjoints.

 

Abstract:

Using the concept of social actor as an analytic tool an attempt is made to examine the relationships between spouses among the Belcher Island Inuit in the light of native definitions of gender and gender associated task allocation. Maturation rituals, spouse-exchange practices, and incestuous unions are examined for evidence in support of the view that social actors are defined primarily in terms of gender associated work and that sexuality is not the key to understanding spousal relations but is merely part of that division of labor.