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Knud Rasmussen au Keewatin sud: la soi-disant origine intérieure des Esquimaux.

Knud Rasmussen and the "Original" Inland Eskimos of Southern Keewatin.
Pages: 15 - 32
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Ernest S. JR. Burch
Résumé:

Knud Rasmussen pensait que la culture des Inuit du Caribou (ouest de la Baie d'Hudson) était une survivance de la culture inuit originale des temps anciens. Au printemps de 1922, il se rendit dans leur territoire afin de prouver cette thèse. Bien qu'il ait échoué dans sa démonstration, ses recherches ont néanmoins porté fruit dans plusieurs autres domaines. Cet article examine le travail de Knud Rasmussen sur les Inuit du Caribou et porte principalement sur son analyse des origines des Inuit ainsi que sur la démographie, l'histoire et la religion des Inuit du Caribou. Sa présentation de la religion des Inuit du Caribou constitue d'ailleurs sa contribution la plus durable.

Abstract:

Knud Rasmussen thought that the culture of the Caribou Inuit living to the west of Hudson Bay was a survival of the original Eskimo culture of ancient times. In the spring of 1922, he visited their country in order to prove it. That effort was a failure, but many other aspects of his research were successful. This paper reviews Rasmussen's work on the Caribou Inuit, with special emphasis on his analysis of Eskimo origins and Caribou Inuit subgroups, numbers, history and religion. His account of Caribou Inuit religion is judged to have the greatest lasting value.