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L'art ethnique dans le Quart-monde nordique: le cas des Netsilik

Ethnic art in the Northern Fourth World: The Netsilik
Pages: 69 - 102
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Tom G. Svensson
Résumé:

De plus en plus, les chercheurs s'intéressent à l'expression esthétique chez les peuples autochtones. Au même moment, on ne s'intéresse plus à l'art simplement d'un point de vue purement esthétique, mais on l'analyse en tant que gagne-pain et mode de vie. Cet article s'inspire de cette approche holistique en partant du cas d'un groupe familial étendu de sculpteurs d'origine netsilik à Gjoa Haven. On y suit la trace d'un artisanat traditionnel qui s'est transformé en art ethnique raffiné, comme on l'observe souvent dans plusieurs cultures du Quart-monde nordique aujourd'hui. Cet art relève de la revitalisation culturelle et du renforcement de l'identité collective. L'article montre également comment des aspects du mode de vie et de la tradition orale se retrouvent dans l'art.

Abstract:

Aesthetic expression among indigenous peoples is gaining more and more scholarly attention. At the same time there is a shift in focus from art as pure æsthetics to examining art both as a means of livelihood and as a way of life. This holistic approach is pursued in the following paper using an extended family group of soapstone carvers among the Netsilingmiut in Gjoa Haven as a case in point. The leading theme relates to the transformation from traditional craft to refined ethnic art, a common feature in very many Northern Fourth World cultures at present. This art has to do with cultural revitalization as well as reinforcement of cultural identity. The way in which lifestyle features and oral tradition are reflected in art is also pointed out.