Message d'erreur

You are accessing Revue Études Inuit Studies using an unencrypted connection. For your security, Revue Études Inuit Studies only supports account logins using a secure protocol such as HTTPS. You can switch to HTTPS by trying to view this page again after changing the URL in your browser's location bar to begin with "https" instead of "http". Please contact site admin for help if this error continues.

La source historique et la position typologique de l'ergativité dans les langues esquimaudes

The historical source and typological position of ergativity in Eskimo languages
Pages: 61 - 75
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Michael Fortescue
Résumé:

Cet article propose un scénario qui ne prend pas de parti théorique pour rendre compte de la forme ergative en groenlandais de l'Ouest et en d'autres langues esquimaudes. On analyse les couches successives de la morphologie transitive qui cachent la situation originelle. Il s'agit essentiellement de présenter, en termes diachroniques simples, le parallélisme entre les flexions verbales transitives et celles de la forme nominale possessive qui a suscité de nombreux débats théoriques dans le passé.

Abstract:

This article presents a theory-free scenario for the genesis of the ergative clause in West Green-landic and other Eskimo languages. The successive historical layers of tran-sitive verbal morphology that obscure the original situation are analysed. The aim is to account in simple diachronic terms for the paral-lelism between tran-sitive verbal inflection and possessed nominal inflections that has led to so much theoretical controversy in the past.