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La commercialisation de l'art inuit: 1954-1964

Commercialization of Inuit art: 1954-1964
Pages: 45 - 62
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Christopher Paci
Résumé:

Cet article propose une compréhension historique de l'évolution du marché des sculptures de pierre de 1954 à 1964. Il s'appuie sur une recherche aux Archives provinciales du Manitoba, aux Archives de la Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson (HBCA-RG7/1/726 et 727) ainsi qu'à la Canadian Handicrafts Guild. L'article aborde le contexte des échanges commerciaux, le marché du Sud, la période commerciale (1954-1964), les réponses des Inuit à la commercialisation, le rôle du comité sur l'artisanat et la fin des alliances commerciales. L'auteur conclut en montrant que les Inuit ont finalement pris le contrôle de la vente et de la mise en marché de la sculpture par la création des coopératives de producteurs.

Abstract:

The objective of this paper is to provide historical understanding of the evolution of the commercial trade in stone carvings from 1954-1964. The paper is based on archival research conducted at the Provincial Archives of Manitoba (PAM) in the Hudson Bay Company Archives (HBCA-RG7/1/726 and 727) and the Winnipeg branch of the Canadian Handicrafts Guild (CHG), and is presented under several headings: context for the commercial trade, the southern trade in stone, commercial period 1954-1964, Inuit responses to commercialization, the Handicrafts Committee's role in the carving trade, and an end to commercial trade relations. The paper and research conclude that the Inuit wrestled control over the marketing and sales of carvings away from commercial interests through the creation of producer cooperatives.