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Les employés du Kongelige Grønlandske Handelskompagni, (1850-1880)

The employees of the Royal Greenland Trade Department (1850-1880)
Pages: 87 - 112
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Ole Marquardt
Résumé:

La rapidité de la modernisation du Groenland après la deuxième guerre mondiale a éclipsé, pour plusieurs observateurs, les prémisses de cette transformation qui étaient déjà présentes au 19e siècle. Cet article en étudie un des aspects: l'emploi salarié d'autochtones groenlandais au sein du KGH, le monopole d'état qui contrôlait le commerce au Groenland. On y traite de son importance relative comme source de revenu dans les districts du Groenland occidental et pour trois d'entre eux, on examine l'appartenance des employés salariés à l'une ou l'autre des confessions religieuses.

Abstract:

The speed which has characterized the modernization of Greenland since the end of World War II has caused many observers to underestimate the dimensions of modern features that were manifest in 'old colonial Greenland' prior to the 20th century. The present article analyzes one indication of this pre-20th century modernization of the Greenland economy, viz. the degree to which native Greenlanders took advantage of the opportunities for earning a livelihood as permanently attached full-time employees of the Royal Greenland Trade Department. Concerning three special districts in South Greenland, where both the Danish Lutheran Mission and the Mission of the Moravian Brethren were licensed to operate, I also analyse the degree to which the native members of the different congregations gained access to employment.