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Svend Frederiksen et le chamanisme inuit ou la circulation des noms (atiit), des âmes (tarniit), des dons (tunijjutit) et des esprits (tuurngait)

Svend Frederiksen and Inuit shamanism, or the circulation of names (atiit), souls (tarniit), gifts (tunijjutit) and spirits (tuurngait)
Pages: 37 - 73
Résumé:

Cet article fait état de la découverte, au Groenland, des transcriptions d'entrevues et notes de terrain de l'anthropologue danois Svend Frederiksen. Celui-ci, malgré des déboires personnels et professionnels ayant marqué toute sa vie, a néanmoins recueilli dans l'Arctique central canadien comme au Groenland, des données sur le chamanisme d'une richesse exceptionnelle. Plus particulièrement, ses entrevues avec d'anciens chamanes, dont le grand Qimuksiraaq, ouvrent des perspectives nouvelles sur la circulation des noms, des âmes, des dons et des esprits, et sur leurs rapports avec le chamanisme.

Abstract:

This article describes the discovery, in Greenland, of interview transcriptions and other field data collected by Danish anthropologist Svend Frederiksen. Despite his numerous personal and professional problems, Frederiksen was able to gather, in the Canadian central Arctic as in Greenland, exceptionally rich data on shamanism. His interviews with former shamans in particular, including one with the great Qimuksiraaq, open new perspectives on the circulation of names, souls, gifts and spirits, and on their relations with shamanism.