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Les chamanes du Groenland oriental: éléments biographiques et généalogiques

The East Greenlandic shamans: biographical and genealogical elements
Pages: 269 - 292
Auteur(s) / Author(s): Joëlle Robert-Lamblin
Résumé:

À partir de nombreux documents ethnologiques et d'informations démographiques, cette étude se propose d'élargir le champ des connaissances concernant les chamanes d'Ammassalik. Comment se décidait leur vocation de chamane? Quels étaient les différents niveaux de leur art? Quel fut leur nombre, leur répartition géographique, leur mode de vie familial et leur destin personnel? Plusieurs questions restent sans réponse: notamment, pourquoi dans cette partie de l'Arctique y eut-il si peu de femmes chamanes? De même, la forte proportion de chamanes (un homme adulte sur cinq) dans la petite société ammassalimiut des années 1880, était-elle exceptionnelle et se trouvait-elle liée aux très grandes difficultés de vie, à l'époque, dans cette région?

Abstract:

On the basis of several ethnological documents and demographical information, this paper aims at furthering our knowledge concerning the Ammassalik shamans. How was their vocation decided? What were the different levels of their art? How many were they? What was their geographical distribution, their family life, and their personal destiny? Many questions remain unanswered: notably, why female shamans were so few in number in this area? Similarly, was the high proportion of shamans (one adult male on five during the 1880s) exceptional, and was it conditioned by the extremely hard living conditions then prevailing in the area?